What Do Jews Believe

Explore the core beliefs of Judaism and what Jews believe, including belief in one God, the Torah as the Word of God, covenant with God, observance of laws and commandments, and life after death.


Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions in the world, and its followers, known as Jews, have a unique set of beliefs that guide their lives and practices. In this article, we will explore the core beliefs of Judaism and what Jews believe.

Belief in One God

At the heart of Judaism is the belief in one God, known as Yahweh. Jews believe that God created the universe, has a special relationship with the Jewish people, and is the ultimate source of moral guidance.

The Torah as the Word of God

Central to Jewish belief is the Torah, which is the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Jews believe that the Torah was given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai and contains the laws, teachings, and history of the Jewish people.

Covenant with God

Jews believe that God entered into a covenant, or agreement, with the Jewish people to be their God and to guide and protect them. This covenant is central to Jewish identity and shapes Jewish beliefs and practices.

Observance of Laws and Commandments

Judaism is a religion of action, and Jews believe in following the laws and commandments given in the Torah. These laws cover every aspect of life, from prayer and ritual to ethical behavior and social justice.

Life after Death

While beliefs about the afterlife vary among Jewish denominations, most Jews believe in some form of life after death. Some believe in a resurrection of the dead, while others believe in a spiritual afterlife or a process of judgment and purification.

Case Study: Passover

One of the most important holidays in Judaism is Passover, which celebrates the exodus of the Jewish people from slavery in Egypt. During Passover, Jews retell the story of their liberation and observe rituals, such as the Seder meal and the eating of matzah, to commemorate this event.

Examples of Jewish Beliefs

  • Belief in the Messiah
  • Importance of tikkun olam (repairing the world)
  • Emphasis on education and study


Throughout history, Jewish beliefs have sustained and guided the Jewish people through times of persecution and adversity. By understanding the core beliefs of Judaism, we can gain insight into the rich and diverse traditions of this ancient religion.

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