What Do Foxes Eat

Discover what foxes eat and how they hunt for their prey. From small mammals to fruits and vegetables, foxes are opportunistic eaters with a diverse diet.


Foxes are fascinating creatures known for their cunning behavior and adaptability. One of the key factors that contribute to their success in diverse environments is their diet. In this article, we will explore what foxes eat and how they hunt for their prey.

Diet of Foxes

Foxes are omnivores, which means they eat a variety of foods including mammals, birds, insects, fruits, and vegetables. Their diet largely depends on their habitat and the availability of food sources. Here are some of the main foods that foxes consume:

  • Small mammals: Foxes primarily prey on small mammals such as rabbits, mice, voles, and squirrels. They are skilled hunters and use their keen sense of smell and hearing to locate their prey.
  • Birds: Foxes also feed on birds, especially ground-nesting species like pheasants and grouse. They are known to raid bird nests and steal eggs.
  • Insects: Insects make up a significant portion of a fox’s diet, particularly during the warmer months. Foxes will eat beetles, grasshoppers, worms, and other insects they can find in their environment.
  • Fruits and vegetables: Foxes are opportunistic eaters and will consume fruits such as berries, apples, and grapes. They may also scavenge for vegetables in gardens or fields.

Hunting Techniques

Foxes are skilled hunters and use a variety of techniques to catch their prey. They are known for their stealth and agility, which helps them sneak up on unsuspecting animals. Some common hunting techniques used by foxes include:

  • Pouncing: Foxes will quietly stalk their prey before pouncing on them with precision. This technique allows them to catch fast-moving animals like rabbits or mice.
  • Chasing: Foxes are fast runners and can chase down their prey over short distances. They use their speed and agility to outmaneuver their target and capture it.
  • Scavenging: In addition to hunting, foxes are skilled scavengers and will eat carrion or leftovers from other animals. This allows them to supplement their diet when prey is scarce.

Case Studies

Studies have shown that the diet of foxes can vary depending on their location and habitat. For example, urban foxes may rely more on human food sources such as garbage and pet food, while rural foxes may hunt more for small mammals and birds.


According to research, an adult fox can consume up to 1-2 kg of food per day. This can include a combination of meat, fruits, and vegetables, making foxes highly adaptable to different environments.


Overall, foxes are opportunistic eaters with a diverse diet that includes small mammals, birds, insects, fruits, and vegetables. Their hunting techniques and adaptability make them successful predators in various habitats. By understanding what foxes eat, we can appreciate their role in the ecosystem and how they contribute to the balance of nature.

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