What Do Bees Collect from Flowers?

Discover what bees collect from flowers and their crucial role in pollination. Learn about nectar, pollen, and propolis, and the impact of bees on our food supply.

The Role of Bees in Pollination

Bees play a crucial role in pollination, transferring pollen from one flower to another and facilitating the reproduction of plants. But what exactly do bees collect from flowers during this process?


One of the main things bees collect from flowers is nectar, a sugary fluid produced by plants to attract pollinators. Bees use their long tongues to extract nectar from the flowers and store it in their stomachs to take back to the hive.


Bees also collect pollen from flowers, which is essential for the reproduction of many plant species. Pollen is high in protein and other nutrients, making it an important food source for bees. They collect pollen by brushing against the stamens of flowers and then grooming it into specialized pollen baskets on their hind legs.


In addition to nectar and pollen, bees also collect propolis from flowers. Propolis is a sticky substance bees use to seal cracks in their hive and protect it from intruders. It is made by combining plant resins with beeswax and enzymes, creating a strong and waterproof material.

Case Study: Bumblebees

Bumblebees are another important pollinator that collects nectar and pollen from flowers. In a study conducted by researchers at the University of Bristol, it was found that bumblebees can learn to use tools to access nectar hidden inside artificial flowers, showcasing their intelligence and adaptability.

Statistics on Bee Pollination

  • Bees pollinate approximately 75% of the crops that we eat, including fruits, vegetables, and nuts.
  • The global economic value of crops pollinated by bees is estimated to be over $200 billion annually.
  • Bees are facing threats from habitat loss, pesticides, and climate change, leading to a decline in bee populations worldwide.

Overall, bees collect a variety of resources from flowers, including nectar, pollen, and propolis, playing a vital role in pollination and ecosystem health.

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