What Do Muslims Believe

Discover the core beliefs of Islam and how Muslims practice their faith. Learn about Tawhid, prophets, angels, and the Hereafter. Explore the Five Pillars of Islam and their significance in the lives of Muslims.


Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, with over 1.8 billion followers. Muslims believe in one God, Allah, and follow the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. Let’s explore the core beliefs of Islam.

Belief in One God

Muslims believe in the oneness of God, known as Tawhid. This means that Allah is the one and only God, with no partners or associates. This belief is the foundation of Islam and is reflected in the Shahada, the declaration of faith.

Belief in Prophets

Muslims believe in all the prophets mentioned in the Quran, including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. They believe that Muhammad is the final prophet and messenger of Allah, who received the revelations of the Quran.

Belief in Angels

Muslims believe in the existence of angels, who are spiritual beings created by Allah to carry out His commands. The Angel Gabriel is particularly important, as he is believed to have delivered the Quran to Muhammad.

Belief in the Hereafter

Muslims believe in life after death and the Day of Judgment. They believe that all individuals will be resurrected and accountable for their actions in this life. Those who have led a righteous life will be rewarded with paradise, while those who have done evil will face punishment in hell.

Practices of Islam

  • Five Pillars of Islam
  • Shahada – declaration of faith
  • Salah – five daily prayers
  • Zakat – almsgiving
  • Sawm – fasting during Ramadan
  • Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca

Case Studies

In a study conducted by the Pew Research Center, it was found that Muslims in the United States are more likely than the general public to value faith and family. They also tend to have a strong sense of community and social responsibility.


Muslims believe in the oneness of God, the prophets, angels, and the Hereafter. Their practices, such as the Five Pillars of Islam, guide them in leading a righteous life. Understanding these beliefs can help foster mutual respect and harmony among people of different faiths.

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