What Do Libertarians Believe

Discover the key beliefs of libertarians and their stance on individual freedom, limited government, and property rights. Learn how libertarian principles shape policies on issues like marijuana legalization.


Libertarianism is a political philosophy that emphasizes personal freedom, individual rights, and limited government intervention in the lives of citizens. Libertarians believe in maximizing individual autonomy and minimizing the role of the state in society.

Key Beliefs

  • Individual Liberty: Libertarians value personal freedom and believe that individuals should be free to make their own choices without interference from the government.
  • Property Rights: Libertarians defend the right to own private property and believe that individuals have the right to keep what they earn through their own labor.
  • Non-Aggression Principle: Libertarians adhere to the principle of non-aggression, which prohibits the initiation of force or coercion against others.

Government Role

Libertarians advocate for limited government involvement in people’s lives. They believe that government should only exist to protect individuals and their property rights. This means limiting regulations, taxes, and government spending.

Case Studies

One example of libertarian beliefs in action is the legalization of marijuana. Many libertarians argue that individuals should have the freedom to make choices about their own bodies, including using recreational drugs like marijuana. This has led to the push for marijuana legalization in some states.


According to a Gallup poll, 63% of Americans believe that the federal government has too much power. This sentiment aligns with libertarian beliefs in limiting government intervention and maximizing individual freedom.


Overall, libertarians believe in the importance of personal freedom, individual rights, and limited government intervention. They advocate for individual autonomy and the protection of property rights, prioritizing individual choice and voluntary cooperation over government control.

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