Understanding Gender-Based Violence

Learn about the different forms and impact of gender-based violence, with examples, case studies, and statistics. Discover how we can work together to prevent and address this pervasive issue.


Gender-based violence refers to harmful actions directed at individuals based on their gender identity or perceived gender. It is a pervasive issue that affects people of all genders and can take various forms, including physical, sexual, psychological, and economic abuse.

Types of Gender-Based Violence

  • Physical violence: Includes acts such as hitting, slapping, or kicking.
  • Sexual violence: Involves non-consensual sexual acts, harassment, or exploitation.
  • Psychological violence: Includes threats, intimidation, and emotional abuse.
  • Economic violence: Involves controlling finances or preventing access to resources.

Impact of Gender-Based Violence

Gender-based violence can have severe and long-lasting effects on the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of survivors. It can also perpetuate cycles of abuse and have broader societal implications.

Case Studies

One example of gender-based violence is domestic violence, where an individual is subjected to abuse by their intimate partner. According to the World Health Organization, 1 in 3 women worldwide have experienced physical or sexual intimate partner violence in their lifetime.


According to UN Women, 35% of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence. In addition, transgender individuals are disproportionately affected by violence, with high rates of harassment, assault, and discrimination.

Preventing Gender-Based Violence

Preventing gender-based violence requires a multi-faceted approach that addresses underlying factors such as gender inequality and societal norms that perpetuate violence. This includes promoting education, awareness, and advocacy for survivors.


Gender-based violence is a complex issue that requires collective action to address. By raising awareness, challenging harmful attitudes, and supporting survivors, we can work towards creating a society free from violence and discrimination.

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