from Latin Terra Australis (16c.), from australis "southern" + -ia. A hypothetical southern continent, known as terra australis incognita, was indeed proposed since 2c. Dutch explorers labeled as the newfound continent New Holland; the existing title ended up being recommended 1814 by Matthew Flinders as an improvement over Terra Australis "to be more acceptable on ear, and an assimilation into title of the other great portions for the earth" ["Voyage to Terra Australis"]. In 1817 Gov. Lachlan Macquarie, having read Flinders' recommendation, started utilizing it in official correspondence. The greatest source is Latin auster "south wind," for this reason, "the south nation." The Latin good sense shift in australis, in case it is without a doubt equivalent word other Indo-European languages make use of for eastern (see aurora), which is why Latin makes use of oriens (see orient), maybe will be based upon an untrue assumption concerning the orientation for the Italian peninsula, "with change through 'southeast' explained because of the diagonal place of this axis of Italy" [Buck]; see Walde, Alois, "Lateinisches etymologisches W
the littlest continent; involving the Southern Pacific while the Indian Ocean
- a nation occupying the entire Australian continent; Aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years back; first Europeans had been Brit convicts sent indeed there as a penal colony
During the next two or three years public attention was occupied with Captain King's maritime explorations of the north-west coast in three successive voyages, and by explorations of Western Australia in 1821.