What does -y mean?

-y meaning in Etymology Dictionary

suffix suggesting state, problem, or quality; additionally activity or the consequence of it (like in triumph, record, etc.), via Anglo-French and Old French

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  • suffix in animal proper names (eg Johnny, Kitty), very first recorded in Scottish c.1400; relating to OED it became regular in English 15c.-16c. Extension to surnames appears to date from c.1940. Use with common nouns seems to have begun in Scottish with laddie (1546) and be preferred in English as a result of Burns' poems, nevertheless same formation is apparently represented much early in the day in child and puppy.
  • noun suffix, in military, city, nation, etc., from Old French -e, Latin -atus, -atum, past participle suffix of verbs of the first conjugation.
  • adjective suffix, "full of or characterized by," from Old English -ig, from Proto-Germanic *-iga- (resource in addition of Dutch, Danish, German -ig, Gothic -egs), from PIE -(i)ko-, adjectival suffix, cognate with elements in Greek -ikos, Latin -icus (see -ic). Originally added to nouns in Old English; made use of from 13c. with verbs, and also by 15c. even with other adjectives (including crispy).

Sentence Examples with the word -y

That to which the metal, in which by suitable thermal treatment the iron molecules have been brought to the allotropic -y or 1 3 state or a mixture of both, can be heated without losing its hardness through the escape of that iron into the a state.

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