of speech sounds created by pushing atmosphere through a constricted passage (as `f', `s', `z', or `th' both in `thin' and `then')
- a continuant consonant produced by breath moving against a narrowing of singing tract
- A term utilized differently by different authorities by some as equivalent to fricative which as including most of the constant consonants except the nasals m n ng using the additional exception by others associated with liquids roentgen l additionally the semivowels w y by others limited by f v th surd and sonant as well as the noise of German ch hence excluding the sibilants along with the nasals fluids and semivowels See help guide to Pronunciation sectsect 197 208
- A term used differently by various authorities; -- by some as equivalent to fricative, -- that is, as including all constant consonants, except the nasals m, n, ng; because of the further exclusion, by others, of liquids r, l, and semivowels w, y; by other people restricted to f, v, th surd and sonant, while the sound of German ch, -- hence excluding the sibilants, plus the nasals, liquids, and semivowels. See help guide to Pronunciation, // 197-208.
breathy consonant, 1862, from Latin spirantem (nominative spirans) "breathing," present participle of spirare "to inhale, blow" (see character (letter.)).
The tenuis becomes a spirant also after r or 1, as in corff from corpus, and Elfin from Alpinus; but It gives llt or ll.