A sudden shock or jerk a jolting motion as in a carriage moving more than rough ground
- To cause to move with a sudden motion especially an up and down motion as in a carriage going over rough ground or on a high trotting horse as the horse jolts the rider fast driving jolts the carriage and the passengers
- To shake with brief abrupt risings and fallings as a carriage moving on rough floor whilst the advisor jolts
- move or cause to move with an abrupt jerky motion
- disrupt (a person's) composure
- a sudden jarring impact
- an abrupt spasmodic movement
- To shake with brief, abrupt risings and fallings, as a carriage progressing rough floor; because, the coach jolts.
- To cause to shake with a-sudden down and up movement, like in a carriage going over harsh ground, or on a high-trotting horse; because, the horse jolts the driver; fast driving jolts the carriage and the guests.
- a-sudden shock or jerk; a jolting motion, as with a carriage going over harsh ground.
1590s, maybe from Middle English jollen, chollen "to knock, to batter" (early 15c.), or a modification of obsolete jot (v.) "to jostle" (1520s). Perhaps linked to previous jolt mind "a big, stupid mind" (1530s). Figurative sense of "to startle, surprise" is from 1872. Related: Jolted; jolting.
- 1590s, "a knock," from jolt (v.). Meaning "jarring shock" is from 1630s.
(v. i.) To shake with quick, abrupt risings and fallings, as a carriage moving forward rough ground; because, the coach jolts.
- (v. t.) Resulting in to shake with a-sudden along motion, like in a carriage exceeding rough surface, or on a high-trotting horse; as, the horse jolts the driver; quickly driving jolts the carriage plus the guests.
- (n.) A sudden shock or jerk; a jolting motion, such as a carriage moving over harsh surface.
It needed but a jolt to bring down the crazy anachronism, and the jolt came when, in 1558-60, floods of Muscovites poured over the land, threatening the whole province with destruction.