country title, 1920, from an Arabic title attested since 6c. for the region understood in Greek as Mesopotamia; usually reported to be from Arabic `araqa, addressing notions eg "perspiring, deeply grounded, well-watered," which might mirror the impression the lush river-land made on desert Arabs. However the name can be from, or impacted by, Sumerian Uruk (Biblical Erech), anciently a prominent city with what is now south Iraq (from Sumerian uru "city").
a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient society of Mesopotamia was at the region now-known as Iraq
The sad fact is that the American hostages in Iraq were forgotten casualties of war.