Italian pope whose nepotism place the Borgia family in energy in Italy (1378-1458)
- Italian noblewoman and patron regarding the arts (1480-1519)
- Italian cardinal and military frontrunner; design for Machiavelli's prince (1475-1507)
- Pope and parent of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503)
On his return to Florence early in January 1503, Machiavelli began to occupy himself with a project which his recent attendance upon Cesare Borgia had strengthened in his mind.