material of a specific kind or constitution
- significant money (wide range or earnings)
- what a communication that's about anything is about
- the choicest or many crucial or most essential part of some idea or encounter
- the concept which meant
- the house of holding together and maintaining its shape
- a particular type or species of matter with uniform properties
- the real actual question of which you or thing is made up
- whatever underlies all outward manifestations substratum the permanent topic or reason behind phenomena whether material or religious that where properties inhere whatever is genuine in distinction from whatever is apparent the abiding part of any presence in difference from any accident what constitutes everything just what it is genuine or existing essence
- To furnish or endow with substance to provide home to to create rich
- whatever underlies all outward manifestations; substratum; the permanent topic or cause of phenomena, whether product or spiritual; that in which properties inhere; that which is genuine, in distinction from that which is evident; the abiding element of any existence, in difference from any accident; that which constitutes anything just what it really is; real or existing essence.
- the most crucial element in any presence; the characteristic and essential the different parts of everything; the main part; essential import; purport.
- Body; matter; product that something is created; for this reason, substantiality; solidity; firmness; because, the material which a garment is made; some textile fabrics have little material.
- Material possessions; property; residential property; resources.
- just like Hypostasis, 2.
- To furnish or endow with compound; to supply home to; to produce rich.
1. information with particular features.2. The material that makes up an organ or structure. Identified in medication while the substantia.
Essence; the material or essential section of anything, as distinguished from "form." See State v. Iiurgdoerfer, 107 Mo. 1, 17 S. W. 040, 14 L, It. A. 846: Hugo v. Miller, 50 Minn. 105. 52 N. W. 3S1 ; Pierson v. Insurance Co., 7 Iloust. (Del.) 307, 31 Atl. 900.
c.1300, "essential nature, real or essential part," from Old French sustance, substance "goods, belongings; nature, structure" (12c.), from Latin substantia "being, essence, product," from substans, present participle of substare "stand fast, remain or perhaps under, show up," from sub "up to, under" (see sub-) + stare "to face," from PIE root *sta- "to face" (see stet). Latin substantia converts Greek ousia "that which is the one's very own, an individual's compound or residential property; the being, essence, or nature of everything." Meaning "any form of corporeal matter" is first attested mid-14c. Feeling of "the matter of a research, discourse, etc." first taped late 14c.
beef [fig.] [subject matter]
Any kind of matter all specimens of which have the same chemicalcomposition and real properties.
(Lat. sub + stare = Gr. hypo + stasis, to stand under. In addition from Lat. quod quid est, or quod quid erat esse = Gr. to ti en einai, in other words., that by virtue which anything has its own determinate nature, rendering it exactly what it is, as distinguished from another thing. See ousia, natura, subsistentia, essentia. Thus Augustine writes (De Trin. VII, ch. 4, # 7) "essence (ousia) means absolutely nothing else than compound within language, i.e., in Latin"). Substance is the term familiar with symbolize thit which is wanted whenever philosophers investigate the main being of things. Thus Plato ended up being primarily focused on investigating the becoming of things through the standpoint of these intelligibility. For this reason the Platonic dialectic was geared towards an understanding associated with important nature (ousia) of things. But science is knowledge of universals. and so the essence of things considered as intelligible could be the universal common to a lot of; i.e., the universal kind or Idea, and also this was for Plato the material of things, or what they're mostly. Besides the universal intelligible being of things, Aristotle has also been primarily worried about an investigation associated with the being of things through the viewpoint of the generation and presence. But only individual things are produced and occur. Ergo, for him, substance ended up being mostly the patient: a "this" which, on the other hand aided by the universal or secondary substance, is not communicable to a lot of. The Aristotelian meaning of compound is developed from four points of view: Grammar: the type of substance because the ultimate subject of predication is expressed by common consumption in its employment regarding the noun (or substantive) as subject of a sentence to signify someone thing which "is neither present in nor predicable of a subject." Therefore compound is grammatically distinguished from its (adjectival) properties and improvements which "are contained in and predicable of an interest." Additional substance is expressed because of the universal term, by its definition which are "not present in an interest but predicable of it." See Categoriae,) ch. 5. Physics: Independence of being emerges as a fundamental feature of compound in the analysis of change. Thus we: Significant modification: Socrates involves be. (Change simply). Accidental change; in a particular respect only: Socrates concerns be 6 feet high. (Quantitative). Socrates involves be music (Qualitative). Socrates concerns take Corinth (regional). As significant modification is ahead of the other individuals and may also happen by themselves of these, so the individual compound is prior in being to your accidents; for example., the accidents cannot exist independently of these subject (Socrates), but can be just in him or in another major material, whilst reverse is certainly not fundamentally the way it is. Reasoning: using this evaluation of change there additionally emerges a division of being to the schema of groups, with all the difference between the category of compound therefore the several accidental groups, such as for instance quantity, high quality, location, connection, etc. In a corresponding way, the group of compound is very first; in other words., before the other people in being, and independent of those. Metaphysics: the smoothness of substance as that which occurs in an individual given that cause of its being and unity is created in Aristotle's metaphysical writings, see especiallv Bk. Z, ch. 17, 1041b. Major substnnce isn't the matter alone, nor the universal type typical to numerous, but the specific unity of matter and form. Including, each thing comprises components or elements, as an organism comprises cells, however it is really not merely its elements, but has actually a being and unity over and above the sum of its components. This anything more which in turn causes the cells to-be this organism without a malignant development, is a typical example of what is meant by material with its appropriate sense of very first substance (substantia prima). Substance with its secondary good sense (substantia secunda) may be the universal kind (concept or types) which will be individuated in each thing. When it comes to subsequent growth of the conception of compound, see Thomas Aquinas, especially De Ente et Essentia, ch. 2. Observe that relating to Aristotle, the material of anything is often intelligible. Thus you will find practical substances, however the compound of the things is itself neither sensible nor capable of becoming apprehended because of the sensory faculties alone, but only when the game for the intellect is included. In later on scholastic viewpoint this aspect ended up being missed, therefore the Aristotelian doctrine of compound very normally stopped to be any longer intelligible. In modern idea, two general kinds of consumption are discernible. When you look at the empirical custom. the notion of thing and properties continues this is of self-reliance as expressed in first material. Beneath the influence of actual science, the notion of thing and its properties will dissolve. Substance becomes substratum as that by which properties and attributes inhere. The review of Berkeley indicated the resultant problem: either sub-stratum is property-less and quality-less, so is very little, if not it indicates the organized and particular coherence of properties and characteristics, so substance or sub-stratum is merely finished . of wise practice. Within research 'first compound' persists due to the fact ultimate discrete particle with respect to which spatial and temporal coordinates are assigned. Within empirical philosophical thought the part of meaning called 'independence' tends to be resolved in to the purchase and coherence of expertise. In rationalistic tradition, Descartes introduces a distinction between finite and limitless material. To conceive of substance should conceive a current thing which needs only it self being occur. Strictly speaking, God alone is compound. Produced or finite substances are independent inside feeling they need only the concurrence of God to be able to exist. 'Everything where there resides instantly, like in a subject, or in the form of which there exists anything that we see, in other words., any property, quality, or feature, of which we a real concept, is known as a Substance." (Reply to Obj. II, Phil. Functions, trans, by Haldane and Ross, vol. II, p. 53, see Prin. of Phil. Pt. We, 51, 52). Substance is which could exist by itself with no help of any various other substance. Reciprocal exclusion of 1 another is one of the nature of compound. (answer Obj. IV). Spinoza brings together medieval Aristotelian meanings therefore the Cartesian use, but rejects utterly the notion of finite compound, making just the endless. The previous is, in effect, a contradiction with regards to, based on him. Spinoza more replaces the Aristotelian difference between compound and accident with this between compound and mode. (See Wolfson, The Phil. of Spinoza, vol. We, ch. 3). "By compound, i am aware whatever is within itself and is conceived through it self; put another way that, the conception which doesn't need the conception of another thing from where it should be created." (Ethics, I, Def. III). Substance is thus ultimate being, self-caused or from it self (a se), and so positively separate becoming, owing its becoming to it self, and eternally self-sustaining. It's alone (in se), and all things tend to be within it. Substance is one and there may be but one substance; Jesus is this compound. For Descartes, every material features a principal attribute, an unchangeable crucial nature, without which it could neither be nor be comprehended. The attribute is thus constitutive of substance, and the latter is accessible in your thoughts just through the previous. By virtue of getting various constitutive essences or characteristics, substances tend to be opposed to the other person. Spinoza, rejecting the idea of finite compound, necessarily rejects the possibility of a plurality of substances. The characteristics of one compound are plural and they are constitutive. Nevertheless plurality of characteristics suggests that substance as a result may not be understood by way of anyone attribute or through a number of. Properly, Spinoza declares that material normally by itself, i.e., conceived through it self. The unlimited mode of an attribute, the all-pervasive inner character which defines an attribute in distinction from another, is Spinoza's adaptation of Cartesian constitutive essence. The review of Kant resolves material to the a priori group of Inherence-and-subsistence, and thus to an essential synthetic task of brain upon the info of expertise. Within the dialectic of Hegel, your time and effort is built to unify the reasonable definitions of substance as subject plus the concept of absolute separate being as defined in Spinoza. -- L.M.H. & A.G.A.B. In Scholasticism: the type of substance is that it is present in itself, independently from another being. While accidents are in another, compound is within it self. Its just what underlies the accidents, continues just because they are switching, insofar as the becoming in itself is considered, it is talked of as subsistence (subststentia). Substances are either material, and thus dependent on matter informed by a substantial form, or religious, free of almost any matter (also a spiritual one, as Aquinas highlights in i against Avencebron, in other words., Ibn Gebirol), and as such is called forma subsistens. Substantial types aren't substances, because of the one exemption associated with person heart (q.v.) which, however, is when divided through the human anatomy just an incomplete substance. See Form, Question. -- R.A.
Of nitrogen liberated; (2) by Will and Varrentrapp's method, in which the substance is heated with soda-lime, and the ammonia evolved is absorbed in hydrochloric acid, and thence precipitated as ammonium chlorplatinate or estimated volumetrically; or (3) by Kjeldahl's method, in which the substance is dissolved in concentrated sulphuric acid, potassium permanganate added, the liquid diluted and boiled with caustic soda, and the evolved ammonia absorbed in hydrochloric acid and estimated as in Will and Varrentrapp's method.