In epistemology, the doctrine that sensation and perception is relied upon to offer indubitable proof of the true presence for the external world. Concept that realism is part of the inherent good judgment of humanity. Very first advanced by T. Reid (1710-1796) and held by his followers of Scotch school. Also called the comrnon-sense viewpoint. See Realism. -- J.K.F.
In view of the results of this analysis, Reid's theory (and the theory of Scottish philosophy generally) has been dubbed natural realism or natural dualism, in contrast to theories like subjective idealism and materialism or to the cosmothetic idealism or hypothetical dualism of the majority of philosophers.