1520s, from Middle French capuchin (16c., contemporary French capucin), from Italian capuccino, diminutive of capuccio "hood," augmentative of cappa (see limit (letter.)). Friar associated with the Order of St. Francis, beneath the rule of 1528, so named from the pointed hoods to their cloaks. As a form of monkey, 1785, from shape of hair on its head, thought to look like a cowl.
a hooded cloak for ladies
- monkey of Central America and South America having dense locks in the mind that resembles a monk's cowl
- A Franciscan monk of the austere branch created in 1526 by Matteo di Baschi, distinguished by wearing the lengthy pointed cowl or capoch of St. Francis.
- A garment for women, composed of a cloak and hood, resembling, or likely to look like, that of capuchin monks.
- A long-tailed South United states monkey (Cabus capucinus), getting the forehead nude and wrinkled, using the hair in the top reflexed and resembling a monk's cowl, the rest being of a grayish white; -- called also capucine monkey, weeper, sajou, sapajou, and sai.
- Other types of Cabus, as C. fatuellus (the brown or horned capucine.), C. albifrons (the cararara), and C. apella.
- many different the domestic pigeon having a hoodlike tuft of feathers on the head and sides regarding the throat.
It is characteristic that, while Paris had its Bossuets and Bourdaloues, Vienna was listening to Abraham a Sancta Clara, the punning Capuchin whom Schiller, regardless of dates, introduces into the opening scene of his Wallenstein.