A toxin from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that is the most toxic biological material understood. Botulinum toxin will act as a neurotoxin. It binds to your neurological ending at point where neurological joins a muscle, blocking the production because of the nerve associated with the substance acetylcholine (the principal neurotransmitter within neuromuscular junction), steering clear of the muscle mass from contracting. The result is weakness and paralysis of this muscle tissue. The muscle tissue atrophies. The blockage of acetylcholine launch is irreversible. Function may be restored because of the sprouting of neurological terminals plus the formation of brand new synaptic associates, which generally takes 2 to 3 months.
any one of a few neurotoxins being made by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum; reasons muscle tissue paralysis