A furnace and forge by which wrought iron in the shape of blooms is created directly from ore or even more hardly ever from cast-iron
- A furnace and forge for which wrought-iron in the shape of blooms is created directly through the ore, or (much more seldom) from cast-iron.
(letter.) A furnace and forge which wrought iron by means of blooms is manufactured directly from the ore, or (more rarely) from cast-iron.
Early in the I 8th century the industry began to extend over New England and into New Jersey, the German bloomery forge being employed for reducing the ore directly to bar iron, and by the middle of that century it had taken a pretty firm hold in the Atlantic colonies.