What does Balkanize mean?

Balkanize meaning in General Dictionary

to divide a territory into small hostile states

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  • separate a territory into tiny, aggressive states

Balkanize meaning in Etymology Dictionary

1920, first utilized in mention of the the Baltic says, on the type of just what had taken place within the Balkans; thought to have now been coined by English editor James Louis Garvin (1868-1947), but A.J. Toynbee (1922) credited it to "German Socialists" describing the results of treaty of Brest-Litovsk. In any event, the guide would be to the political circumstance within the Balkans c.1878-1913, whenever European part of the Ottoman Empire split into little, warring nations. Balkanized and Balkanization both also are from 1920.