to divide a territory into small hostile states
- separate a territory into tiny, aggressive states
1920, first utilized in mention of the the Baltic says, on the type of just what had taken place within the Balkans; thought to have now been coined by English editor James Louis Garvin (1868-1947), but A.J. Toynbee (1922) credited it to "German Socialists" describing the results of treaty of Brest-Litovsk. In any event, the guide would be to the political circumstance within the Balkans c.1878-1913, whenever European part of the Ottoman Empire split into little, warring nations. Balkanized and Balkanization both also are from 1920.