Arsham is an Iranian-Persian Masculine name.Meaning: Very powerful, StrongAnciant: Arsames or ArshamaArschama I., the son of Ariaramnes, daddy of Hystaspes und grandfather of Dareios' I. existed about 550 BCE.He had been the boy of Ariaramnes and also the master of Persia throughout the Achaemenid dynasty, but gave up the throne and declared commitment to Cyrus II of Persia. After this, Arsames probably resigned to his household estate into the Persian heartland of Parsa, and lived out of the remainder of his long many years indeed there peacefully, though he may nominally have exercised the duties of a "lesser king" under the authority of "Great King". In an inscription within Hamadan (Iran) he is called "king of Persia".Another attestation of his reign could be the Behistun Inscription, in which his grandson Darius I says that eight Achaemenid kings preceded him - then, he must be counting Arsames as a king.Arsames was daddy of Hystaspes, satrap of Parthia, as well as Pharnaces. Arsames would live to see their grandson, Darius I, get to be the Great King regarding the Persian Empire, though however perish during their reign. In any case, he must have already been among longest-surviving royals anywhere in the world during those times, probably living well into his 1990s.