- a very infectious animal illness (especially livestock and sheep); it may be sent to people
- an ailment of people that isn't communicable; brought on by disease with Bacillus anthracis accompanied by septicemia
- A carbuncle.
- A malignant pimple.
- a minute, microbial organism (Bacillus anthracis), resembling clear rods. [See Illust. under Bacillus.]
- An infectious infection of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed towards presence of a rod-shaped bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), the spores that constitute the contagious matter. It could be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes considerably increased and filled with bacteria. Called additionally splenic temperature.
A serious infection due to Bacillus anthracis that occurs mostly in creatures. Cattle, sheep, ponies, mules, plus some wild animals tend to be extremely susceptible. Humans and swine are generally very resistant to anthrax. Humans come to be infected as soon as the spores of B. anthracis enter the human anatomy by contact with creatures infected with B. anthracis or from connection with contaminated animal services and products, pest bites, intake, or breathing. Aerosolized ("weaponized") spores of B. anthracis could possibly be used (misused) for biological warfare and bioterrorism. Cutaneous anthrax is considered the most typical kind of the condition and it is described as the development of a localized epidermis lesion with a central eschar enclosed by marked edema (swelling). Breathing anthrax (woolsorters' disease) usually requires hemorrhagic mediastinitis (hemorrhaging into the mid-chest), quickly modern systemic (bodywide) disease, and holds a very large mortality price. Gastrointestinal anthrax is much rarer it is also involving a top death price.
belated 14c., "any extreme boil or carbuncle," from Latin, from Greek anthrax "charcoal, live coal," in addition "carbuncle," which will be of unknown origin. Certain feeling of the cancerous disease in sheep and cattle (and sporadically humans) is from 1876.
(n.) A carbuncle.
- (letter.) A malignant pustule.
- (n.) An infectious condition of cattle and sheep. Its ascribed toward presence of a rod-shaped bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), the spores that constitute the contagious matter. It may possibly be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes significantly enlarged and full of micro-organisms. Called additionally splenic fever.
Thus if a little diphtheritic sputum were coughed into a person's eye, or some blood containing anthrax bacilli were to touch a raw spot upon the hand, the removal of microbes in either case by washing with simple water might be regarded as a means of passive defence, whilst washing them away with an antiseptic lotion might be regarded as active defence, because the antiseptic would tend not only to remove but to destroy the microbes.