federal government by the most useful people
- a privileged course keeping hereditary titles
- the essential effective members of a society
- Government by the most useful citizens.
- A ruling body consists of the best citizens.
- A form a government, where supreme energy is vested into the main individuals of a state, or perhaps in a privileged purchase; an oligarchy.
- The nobles or chief individuals in a state; a privileged class or patrician order; (in a favorite use) those who find themselves thought to be more advanced than other neighborhood, as with ranking, lot of money, or intellect.
federal government in which a course of males principles supreme. A form of federal government which is lodged in a council composed of select members or nobles, without a monarch, and unique of those. A privileged class of those; nobles and dignitaries; individuals of wide range and place.
1560s, from center French aristocracie (modern-day French aristocratie), from belated Latin aristocratia, from Greek aristokratia "government or rule of the best," from aristos "best" (originally "most fitting," from PIE *ar-isto-, superlative as a type of *ar- "to match together;" see arm (n.1)) + kratos "rule, power" (see -cracy). In the beginning in a literal sense of "government by those people who are the greatest residents;" meaning "rule by a privileged course" (best-born or best-favored by lot of money) is from 1570s and became vital 17c. Thus, this is "patrician order" (1650s). During the early usage contrasted with monarchy; after French and United states revolutions, with democracy.
1. In its original and etymological meaning (Greek: aristos-best, kratos-power), the government because of the best; and also by expansion, the class of this chief people in a country. While the criteria in which a may be determined and selected can vary greatly, it is hard to provide an over-all definition of this term (Cf. C. Lewis, Political Terms, X. 73). However in specific, the implications of aristocracy might logical, historical, governmental, pragmatic or analogical. 2. In its rational aspect, as developed specifically by Plato and Aristotle, aristocracy is the rule of the best couple of, in a real, meaningful, law-abiding and constitutional feeling. As a political perfect, it's a kind of federal government by morally and intellectually exceptional guys when it comes to typical good or perhaps in the general passions associated with governed, but without involvement of this latter. Due to the problem of distinguishing best guys for directing the life span of the community, and of setting in movement the process of training and finding these types of types of individual brilliance, aristocracy becomes practically the rule of these who are regarded as the most effective. [Plato himself proposed their ideal condition as "a model fixed when you look at the heavens" for individual imitation although not attainment; plus in the Laws he supplied a mix of monarchy and democracy because the best doing work kind of federal government.] Though aristocracy is a kind of government external into governed, it is against oligarchy (despotic) also to timocracy (militaristic). With monarchy and democracy, it exhausts the classification of main kinds of logical federal government. 3. In its historic aspect, aristocracy is a definite course or order generally hereditary nobility, which possesses prescriptive position and benefits. This group created from ancient monarchy, because of the progressive restriction of this regal authority by people who formed the council for the master. The defense of their prerogatives led all of them obviously to take into account on their own as another class fitted by birthright to monopolize federal government. But on top of that, they assumed some matching obligations (hence the aphorism noblesse oblige) particularly for keeping justice, serenity and security. [The qualities of hereditary aristocracy are: descent and birthright, reproduction and education, power to demand, administrative and military capabilities, readiness to fulfill personal and national responsibilities, curiosity about area activities, social equivalence of its people, aloofness and exclusiveness, moral protection in the possession of genuine values despite criticism, competitors or development.] In a few societies as with britain, birth-right isn't an exclusive aspect: exceptional men are admitted by recognition into the aristocratic circle (circulation of this elite), after a tincture of breeding pleasing its additional criteria. The decrease of hereditary nobility ended up being because financial rather than to social or political changes. Now aristocracy can claim just a social influence. 4. In its political aspect, aristocracy is a kind of government where sovereign energy resides in fact in a council composed of choose people (usually patricians), without a monarch, and unique associated with the common individuals (example. the Italian republics). It principles by decisions associated with the team arrived at by discussion; and is often absolute and oppressive. 5. with its pragmatic aspect, aristocracy is synonymous with the elite or even the governing course, and denotes those who hold energetic power in a totalitarian condition. Their particular choice is through mention of some slim and pragmatic maxims of effective service towards State, of hierarchized leadership, or of learning conformity with all the doctrines associated with the State. 6. In its analogical aspect, the term aristocracy if applied to the leading individuals in a profession (intellectual or handbook), whom assume an attitude of exclusiveness or superiority from the energy of simply expert, religious or personal motives, -- T.G.
(n.) Government by the most useful people.
- (letter.) A ruling human anatomy consists of a people.
- (n.) An application a government, in which the supreme power is vested when you look at the principal persons of circumstances, or in a privileged purchase; an oligarchy.
- (n.) The nobles or chief individuals in circumstances; a privileged course or patrician order; (in a well known use) those who find themselves regarded as better than other community, such as position, fortune, or intellect.
The nobles resisted this infringement of their rights; but their leader, Ferdinand, duke of Braganza, was beheaded for high treason in 1483; in 1484 the king stabbed to death his own brother-in-law, Ferdinand, duke of Vizeu; and 80 other members of the aristocracy were afterwards executed.