Of the indigenous fauna, the tapir of the north and the guanaco of the west and south are the largest of the animals.
The tapir also has an extensive range between the coast and the foothills of the Andes, and from northern Argentina to south-eastern Colombia.
In the Chaco the tapir or anta (Tapir americanus) still finds a safe retreat, and the peccary (Dycotyles torquatus) ranges from Cordoba north to the Bolivian frontier.
The Colombian tapir is known as the Tapirus Roulini, and is slightly smaller than the Brazilian species (T.
The pachyderms are represented by three species of the peccary (Dicotyles) and two of the anta, or tapir (Tapirus).
Numerous species of monkeys inhabit the forests of the tropical region, together with the puma, jaguar, wildcat, coati, tapir or anta, sloth, ant-bear, paca (Coelogenys paca) and capybara.