At the period in question an Aeolic literature, the lyrics of Sappho and Alcaeus, were in existence.
Six comedies entitled Sappho and two Phaon, were produced by the Middle Comedy; but, when we consider, for example, the way in which Socrates was caricatured by Aristophanes, we are justified in putting no faith whatever in such authority.
At the annual festival of Apollo a criminal was obliged to plunge from the summit into the sea, where, however, an effort was made to pick him up; and it was by the same heroic leap that Sappho and Artemisia, daughter of Lygdamis, are said to have ended their lives.
Her earliest publications were Sappho and Hammerstein, two poems which appeared at Leipzig in 1880.
His translation of Anacreon (1791) obtained him a post in the royal library in 1795, and in1796-1797he published paraphrases from Theocritus, Bion, Moschus, Sappho and Meleager.
On the other hand, in Alcman nectar is the food, and in Sappho and Anaxandrides ambrosia the drink.
See also P. Brandt, Sappho (Leipzig, 1905); B.