At Zamboanga in west Mindanao to 152 in.
The Visayans are the principal inhabitants of the islands in the central part of the archipelago (Panay, Cebu, Negros, Leyte, Bohol, Samar, Masbate and Paragua) and on the north and east coasts of Mindanao; they were perhaps the most civilized people in the archipelago when discovered by the Spaniards, by whom they were originally called Pintados because they were in the habit of painting their bodies; but since then their progress has been less rapid than that of the Tagalogs - who constitute the bulk of the population of Manila and central Luzon and the majority of the population of Mindanao - who are now the most cultured of the brown races in the Philippines.
Nearly all of them live in a primitive state in the interior of Luzon, Panay, Mindanao and Negros.
On the Pacific coast of Luzon, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao the rainy season is from November to May, when the winds blow from the east or the north-east.
On the east border of the south portion of the basin of the Rio Grande Mindanao is Mt Apo (10,312 ft.), an extinct volcano and the highest elevation in the archipelago.
M.) is the most northerly, and Mindanao (36,292 sq.
Most of the hemp (538,200 acres in 1902) is grown in south Luzon and in Samar and Leyte, but smaller crops are produced in Cebu, Mindoro, Marinduque, north Mindanao and south Negros; the crop became of commercial importance about 1855, and in 1907 the yield for export amounted to 112,895 tons.
The coral beds of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago are of unsurpassed beauty, and Guimaras, Cebu and Siquijor are completely covered with a thick cap of coral limestone.
They are Babuyan Claro, Camiguin de Babuyanes and Didicas in the Babuyanes Islands off the north coast of Luzon; Cagua or Caua in north Luzon; Taal, Mayon and Bulusan in south Luzon; Canlaon and Magaso in Negros; Camiguin de Mindanao in the island of Camiguin, off the north coast of Mindanao; and Apo and Calayo in Mindanao.
Many miles of inland water communication with small boats or bamboo rafts are afforded by the Pampanga, Agno, Abra, Pasig and Bicol rivers in Luzon, and by the Agusan and Rio Grande de Mindanao in Mindanao.