The town has a statue of a Persian, Jean Althen, who in 1765 introduced the culture of the madder plant, which long formed the staple and is still an important branch of local trade.
Sumach, liquorice and madder are also grown in the south.
The crops principally raised are wheat and maize, though here, as well as in other parts of the government, barley, flax, tobacco, water-melons, gourds, fruit, wine, saffron and madder are grown.
Obsolete calyx (c) of Madder (Rubia) adherent to the pistil, in the form of a rim.
Jagdalpur, Bijapur, Madder and Bhupalpatnam are the only places of any note in the dependency, the first (on the Indravati river) being the residence of the raja and the chief people of the state.
Perkin also had a large share in the introduction of artificial alizarin, the red dye of the madder root.
Degenerations take place in the calyx, so that it becomes dry, scaly and glumaceous (like the glumes of grasses), as in the rushes (Juncaceae); hairy, as in Compositae; or a mere rim, as in some Umbelliferae and Acanthaceae, and in Madder (Rubia tinctorum, fig.
Alizarin was known to the ancients, and until 1868 was obtained entirely from madder root.
A large quantity of wool, together with silk, dried fruit, madder and asafetida, finds its way to India by the Kandahar route.
The level country, including both Lower Bavaria (extending northwards to the Danube) and the western and middle parts of Franconia, is productive of rye, oats, wheat, barley and millet, and also of hemp, flax, madder and fruit and vines.