Many libel actions were brought against it, but in 25 between 1897 and 1907 only three verdicts were given definitely against the paper.
In this year he carried the Libel Bill.
Popular Protestant feeling ran very high at the time, partly in consequence of the recent establishment of a Roman Catholic diocesan hierarchy by Pius IX., and criminal proceedings against Newman for libel resulted in an acknowledged gross miscarriage of justice.
In 1873 he was defendant in a libel action brought against him by the Rev. R.
Shebbeare (1709-1788), a violent party writer of the day, for a libel against the government contained in his notorious Letters to the People of England, which were published in the years 1756-1758.
In 62 he prevented the execution of the praetor Antistius, who had written a libel upon the emperor, and persuaded the senate to pass a milder sentence.
Action for Libel AgainstTheomnestus, x., 384-383 B.
His success as a dramatist had by this time gone some way to disabuse hostile critics of the suspicions as regards his personal character which had been excited by the apparent looseness of morals which since his Oxford days it had always pleased him to affect; but to the consternation of his friends, who had ceased to credit the existence of any real moral obliquity, in 1895 came fatal revelations as the result of his bringing a libel action against the marquis of Queensberry; and at the Old Bailey, in May, Wilde was sentenced to two years' imprisonment with hard labour for offences under the Criminal Law Amendment Act.
In June 1874 he was found guilty of a libel on Prince Bismarck, whom he had compared to Frederick II.
In which the name of no individual was mentioned as the author of an alleged libel on the king, contained in No.