The kurta is a sort of sleeveless shirt, open in front and reaching to the waist.
When the kurta is worn it is worn under the anga.
It was formerly fastened with strings, but now with the ghundi (the old form of button) and tukmah or loop. In southern India, Gujarat and in the United Provinces the arid is much the same as to length and fit as the English shirt; as the traveller goes northward from Delhi to the Afghan border he sees the kurta becoming longer and looser till he finds the Pathan wearing it almost to his ankles, with very full wide sleeves.
This kurta is the equivalent for the shirt of Europe.
Among Pathans there are two kinds of kurta (kamis or khat); one worn by married women called giradana khat is dark red or blue, embroidered with silk in front; the jalana khat worn by unmarried women is less conspicuous for colour and ornament.
On the upper part of the body the kurta is sometimes worn.
In outlying villages he wears instead of the kurta a chadar or cloth, which he calls khes, on the upper part of his body.
The Sikh calls his kurta jhagga; it is very large and loose, bound with a scarf round the waist.
In Kashmir and northern India generally the angiya is not worn, and the kurta is worn instead.