The most important orders were the Ku Klux Klan and the Knights of the White Camelia.
Wilson, Ku Klux Klan (New York, 1905); W.
In organization the Klan was modelled after the Federal Union.
The Klan was twice reorganized, in 1867 and in 1868, each time being more centralized; in 1869 the central organization was disbanded and the order then gradually declined.
To control the negro the Klan played upon his superstitious fears by having night patrols, parades and drills of silent horsemen covered with white sheets, carrying skulls with coals of fire for eyes, sacks of bones to rattle, and wearing hideous masks.