There are numerous iron-ore mines in the parish, and ironworks at Askam-in-Furness, in the northern part of the district.
The cognate industry of bleaching has been carried on since early in the 18th century, and large ironworks grew up in the latter half of the 19th century.
He became lieutenant governor of Virginia in June 1710, when he was received with some enthusiasm, because he brought to the colony the privilege of habeas corpus; his term as governor closed in September 1722 - probably because he meddled in ecclesiastical matters; but he remained in Virginia, living near his ironworks in Germanna, a settlement of Germans, on the Rapidan in Spottsylvania county (named in his honour) and he was deputy postmaster-general of the colonies from 1730 to 1739.
He set up ironworks in that neighbourhood, opened lead-mines and marblequarries, established a pilchard fishery, and commenced a trade in timber.
Where the Coal Measures reach the sea at Whitehaven, there are coal-mines, and the hematite of the Carboniferous Limestones has given rise to the active ironworks of Barrow-in-Furness, now the largest town in the district.
The cotton factories are the principal source of industry; there are also ironworks and collieries.
The town is modern and owes its prosperity to the ironworks and collieries in its immediate vicinity.
The town owes its origin to the development during the first half of the 19th century of ironworks at the upper ends of the valleys that converge in its neighbourhood, its site being previously known as Waun Helygen (Willow-tree Common).
The exports consist principally of coal and iron from collieries and ironworks in the neighbourhood; and the imports of timber, ores and general goods.
The provincial government has established ironworks for the manufacture of rails and other railway material.