Cromwell, without naming himself an adherent of any denomination, fought vigorously for Independency as a policy.
Wealth Independency gained ground.
See James Ross, History of Congregational Independency in Scotland (Glasgow, 1900).
Church and State, citizenship in the one and membership in the other, thus became identical, and the foundation was laid for those troubles and consequent severities that vexed and shamed the early history of Independency in New England, natural enough when all their circumstances are fairly considered, indefensible when we regard their idea of the relation of the civil power to the conscience and religion, but explicable when their church idea alone is regarded.
An opponent of church government in any form, he was no friend to the rigid and tyrannical Presbyterianism of the day, and inclined to Independency and Cromwell's party.
The war being now over, the great question of the establishment of Presbyterianism or Independency had to be decided.
Hence even before the Westminster Assembly met in July 1643, Independency could reckon among its friends men of distinction in the state, like Cromwell, Sir Harry Vane, Lord Saye and Sele; while Milton powerfully pleaded the power of Truth to take care of herself on equal terms. In the Assembly; too, its champions were fit, if few.