Bats, various species of rodents, and gazelles are very common, as is the ibex in the valleys of the Dead Sea.
Formerly the ibex was common on the mountain-ranges of Germany, Switzerland and Tirol, but is now confined to the Alps which separate Valais from Piedmont, and to the lofty peaks of Savoy, where its existence is mainly due to game-laws.
A variety of the ibex is also found there, as well as in the highest ranges of southern India.
In the Spanish ibex (C. pyrenaica) the horns fare flattened, with ill-defined knobs, and a spiral twist.
The fact that the fore-legs are somewhat shorter than those behind enables the ibex to ascend mountain slopes with more facility than it can descend, while its hoofs are as hard as steel, rough underneath and when walking over a flat surface capable of being spread out.
Heinsii), we find one moufflon (Musimon vignei), formerly known only in the Himalayas, the Chinese antelope (Antilope subgutturosa) and the saiga antelope in the steppe's, the Siberian ibex and another goat, the yak, the zebu or Indian ox, the common ox, the camel and the dromedary.
Even wild ibex have been known to stray among the herds of goats, although they shun the society of chamois.
The same species is found in the Caucasus and Mount Taurus, and is distinct from the ibex or bouquetin of the Alps.
The ibex are connected with the wild goat by means of Capra nubiana, in which the front edge of the horns is thinner than in either the European C. ibex or the Asiatic C. sibirica; while the Spanish C. pyrenaica shows how the ibex-type of horn may pass into the spirally twisted one distinctive of the markhor, C. falconeri.
The ibex is a handsome animal, measuring about 41 ft.