In 1720 Neal published his History of New England, which obtained for its author the honorary degree of M.A.
On his return from a journey to Dalmatia, for the purpose of selecting and fortifying the port of Trieste, he was nominated, November 1703, Savilian professor of geometry at Oxford, and received an honorary degree of doctor of laws in 1710.
Dr Caird received the honorary degree of D.C.L.
In 1879 the university of Edinburgh conferred upon him the honorary degree of D.D., and the same year he declined an invitation to the pastorate of Crown Court, London, in succession to Dr John Cumming (1807-1881).
In 1899 the university of Jena gave him the honorary degree of Doctor of Philosophy for his work on Hegel.
His services to education in Scotland were now recognized by the conferment of the honorary degree of doctor of laws by the university of Edinburgh in 1871.
As early as 1655 the university of Angers had distinguished him with an honorary degree of doctor of laws.
On his return home his university honoured him with the honorary degree of D.C.L.
In 1883 he received the honorary degree of LL.D.
He received the honorary degree of Litt.