In former times Haman was burnt in effigy, holding on to a ring and swinging from one side of the fire to the other (see L.
But Jewish sources of the 10th century state that the custom of burning an effigy of Haman was still kept up at that time (L.
Unless the mythological key can also explain Haman and Vashti, it is of no use.
It became customary to burn an effigy of Haman at the conclusion of the feast, and this was regarded as in some ways an attack on Christianity and was therefore forbidden by the Theodosian code, XVI.
The Megillah or Roll of Esther is read both at home and in the synagogue, and wherever, during the reading, the name of Haman is mentioned, it is accompanied with tramping the feet.
In Italy a puppet representing Haman was set 'up on high amidst shouts of vengeance and blowing of trumpets.
It was most probably written during the Greek period towards the end of the 3rd century B.C. The book of Esther, which describes, with many legendary traits, how the beautiful Jewess succeeded in rescuing her people from the destruction which Haman had prepared for them, will not be earlier than the closing years of the 4th century B.C., and is thought by many scholars to be even later.
Mordecai and Haman (x.
The earliest mention, however, of this burning of Haman in effigy cannot be traced back earlier than the Talmud in the 5th century.
Also that Mordecai offered a gross affront to Haman, for which no slighter punishment would satisfy Haman than the destruction of the whole Jewish race (iii.