Cnidus and Halicarnassus on the coast were colonized by Dorians.
As Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Judicium de Thucydide, c. 23) distinctly states that the work current in his time under the name of Cadmus was a forgery, it is most probable that the two first are identical with the Phoenician Cadmus, who, as the reputed inventor of letters, was subsequently transformed into the Milesian and the author of an historical work.
Thus, Dionysius of Halicarnassus mentions 5000 equites as taking part in a review at which he himself was present.
In the early 5th century Halicarnassus was under the sway of Artemisia, who made herself famous at the battle of Salamis.
Stevenson, A Restoration of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (1909); J.
Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Ars rhet.
It is certain, however, that Halicarnassus became henceforward a voluntary member of the Athenian confederacy.
Newton, History of Discoveries at Cnidus, Halicarnassus and Branchidae).
At an early period Halicarnassus was a member of the Doric Hexapolis, which included Cos, Cnidus, Lindus, Camirus and Ialysus; but one of the citizens, Agasicles, having taken home the prize tripod which he had won in the Triopian games instead of dedicating it according to custom to the Triopian Apollo, the city was cut off from the league.
Dionysius of Halicarnassus enumerates it among the towns first occupied by the Pelasgi and then by the Tuscans.