In 1862 the agitation against the Chinese assumed importance, and the attitude of the miners at Lambing Flat was so threatening that a large force, military and police, was despatched to that goldfield in order to protect the Chinamen from ill-treatment by the miners.
A narrow Cambrian sea must have extended across central Australia from the Kimberley Goldfield in the north-west, through Tempe Downs and the Macdonnell chain in central Australia, to the South Australian highlands, central Victoria at Mansfield, and northern Tasmania.
During 1905 the town of Goldfield had a period of mushroom growth, then quieted, and finally revived to a healthy development.
From that time the gold industry made steady progress until the Rand gold mines proved the richest and most productive goldfield in the world.
The discovery of gold at Tati led President Pretorius in April 1868 to issue a proclamation extending his territories on the west and north so as to embrace the goldfield and all Efforts Bechuanaland.
In 1908 a rich goldfield was discovered in the northern part of the state, 5 m.
Of Tonopah, rich ores were found in the Goldfield District, and within three years there were 8000 people in this region.