Gypsum, limestone, freestone and marble are quarried; there are also mines of copper, lead, iron, zinc and rock salt.
There are collieries and freestone quarries in the neighbourhood.
It is rich, however, in clays, while in the island of Bornholm there are quarries of freestone and marble.
The Mosel is spanned by a Gothic freestone bridge of 14 arches, erected in 1344, and also by a railway bridge.
The environs of Creil (Oise) and Chteau-Landon (Seine-et-Marne) are noted for their freestone (pierre de taille), which is also abundant at Euville and Lrouville in Meuse; the production of plaster is particularly important in the environs of Paris, of kaolin of fine quality at Yrieix (1-Jaute-Vienne), of hydraulic lime in Ardche (Le Teil), of lime phosphates in the department of Somme, of marble in the departments of HauteGaronne (St Beat), Hautes-Pyrnes (Campan, Sarrancolin), Isre and Pas-de-Calais, and of cement in Pas-de-Calais (vicinity of Boulogne) and Isre (Grenoble).
There are in the chancel two freestone effigies, perhaps of the r4th century, besides three sedilia, and a piscina under arches.
In January 1361 building work at Windsor was vigorously resumed, and again the sheriffs were ordered to contribute their quotas of 40 freestone masons and 40 cementarii to Wykeham's charge.
Fine white freestone abounds in the immediate vicinity (as at Craigleith, from the vast quarry of which, now passing into disuse, the stone for much of the New Town was obtained) and furnishes excellent building material; while the hard trap rock, with which the stratified sandstones of the Coal formation have been extensively broken up and overlaid, supplies good materials for paving and road-making.
The manufactures include paraffin, paper, glass, chemicals, flour and whisky, and freestone is quarried.
The industries include salmon fishing, deep-sea fishing, the making of rope and twine and the freestone quarries of the neighbourhood.