The triumph of so fanatical a reformer as Christian brought about the fall of Catholicism, but the Catholics were still so strong in the council of state that Christian was forced to have recourse to a coup d'etat, which he successfully accomplished by means of his German mercenaries (12th of August 1536), an absolutely inexcusable act of violence loudly blamed by Luther himself, and accompanied by the wholesale spoliation of the church.
Besides the work cited above and his political pamphlets, he was the author of Coup d'ceil philosophique sur le regne de St Louis (1786); L'Annee francaise (1788); La Bastille devoilee (1789); La Police de Paris devoilee (1791); and Lettres sur la Revolution (1792).
His Memoire sur l'etat actuel de l'Allemagne, written at the request of the tsar during the congress of Aix-la-Chapelle, was an attack on the German universities, repeated in Coup d'ceil sur les universites de l'Allemagne (Aix, 1818).
After the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire he retired from public life, and died at Colmar on the 23rd of November 1807.
On the early morning of the 31st of July the prince's coup d'etat against the liberties of Utrecht and of Holland was carried out; the civic guard was disarmed - Grotius and his colleagues saving themselves by a precipitate flight.
After the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire he became president of the tribunal of appeal and councillor of state.
They argued that it would be much more difficult to carry out a success ful coup d'etat when the good-natured, confiding emperor had been succeeded by his more suspicious and energetic daughter.
On the return of Bonaparte from Egypt in 1799 Maret joined the general's party which came to power with the coup d'etat of Brumaire (Nov.
He was called to the bar in 1859, but, although contributing to a, Liberal review, edited by Challemel Lacour, did not make much way until, on the 17th of November 1868, he was selected to defend the journalist Delescluze, prosecuted for having promoted the erection of a monument to the representative Baudin, who was killed in resisting the coup d'etat of 1851.
Prussia, however, refused to approve of any coup d'etat; the parliament, chastened by the consciousness that its life depended on the goodwill of the king, moderated its tone; and Maximilian ruled till his death as a model constitutional monarch.