The Napoleonic reverses of 1813 brought him back to politics, and in November he published at Hanover his De l'esprit de conquete et de l'usurpation dans leurs rapports avec la civilisation europeenne, directed against Napoleon.
Pp. 201 sqq.; Recherches critiques sur l'origine de la civilisation babylonienne (Paris, 1876); J.
Having attacked the regent Espartero and been exiled he founded and edited on his return the El Pensamiento de la Nacion, a Catholic and Conservative weekly; but his fame rests principally on El Protestantismo comparado con el Catolicismo en sus relaciones con la Civilisation Europea (3 vols., 1842-1844, 6th edition, 1879; Eng.
It was under these conditions that he composed his Histoire de la civilisation franQaise (2 vols., 1885, 1887; 9th ed., 1901) and his Histoire de la civilisation contemporaine en France (1888; new ed.