Young Cavendish was hardly younger than Hobbes, and had been married, a few months before, at the instance of the king, to Christiana, the only daughter of Edward, Lord Bruce of Kinloss, though by reason of the bride's age, which was only twelve years, the pair had no establishment for some time.
His son, the 5th duke, William John Cavendish Bentinck-Scott (1800-1879) died unmarried.
Starting from an experiment, narrated by Priestley, in which John Warltire fired a mixture of common air and hydrogen by electricity, with the result that there was a diminution of volume and a deposition of moisture, Cavendish burnt about two parts of hydrogen with five of common air, and noticed that almost all the hydrogen and about one-fifth of the common air lost their elasticity and were condensed into a dew which lined the inside of the vessel employed.
See Henry, Life of Dalton, Cavendish Society (1854); Angus Smith, Memoir of John Dalton and History of the Atomic Theory (1856), which on pp. 253-263 gives a list of Dalton's publications; and Roscoe and Harden, A New View of the Origin of Dalton's Atomic Theory (1896); also Atom.
Since the time of Henry Cavendish no one seemed even to have asked the question whether the residue was, in truth, all capable of conversion into nitric acid.
WILLIAM HENRY CAVENDISH BENTINCK, PORTLAND 3rd Duke Of (1738-1809), prime minister of England, son of William, 2nd duke (1709-1762), and grandson of the 1st duke.
Harley Street, between Marylebone Road and Cavendish Square, is noted as the residence of medical practitioners.
He married in 1766 Lady Dorothy Cavendish (1750-1794), daughter of the 4th duke of Devonshire, and was succeeded as 4th duke by his son William Henry (1768-1854), who married a daughter of the famous gambler, General John Scott, and was brother-in-law to Canning.
The work of Henry Cavendish (1731-1810) entitles him to a high place in the list of electrical investigators.
Reference to Cavendish showed that he had already raised this question in the most distinct manner, and indeed, to a certain extent, resolved it.