On the night of the I9th Brumaire a mere ghost of an Assembly abolished the constitution of the year III., ordained The Con- the provisionary Consulate, and legalized the coup sulaje, detat in favor of Bonaparte.
After the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire he retired from public life, and died at Colmar on the 23rd of November 1807.
On the oth Thermidor (July 27, 1794) he fell into the gulf that had opened on the 31st of May, and through which the 18th Brumaire was visible.
Clearly the succoss of the coup d'etat of Brumaire was due in the last resort to Lucien Bonaparte.
Before the coup d'etat of Brumaire he helped Napoleon in making overtures to Sieyes and Moreau, but otherwise did little.
The general and the diplomatist soon came to an understanding, and Talleyrand tactfully brought about the alliance between Bonaparte and Sieyes (q.v.) (then the most influential of the five Directors) which paved the way for the coup d'etat of Brumaire (see French Revolution and Napoleon I.).
His fortunes rose rapidly on the attainment of the dignity of First Consul by his former charge, Napoleon, after the coup d'etat of Brumaire (November 1799).
After the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire he became president of the tribunal of appeal and councillor of state.
On the 18th Brumaire of the year VIII.
Rocquain, Etat de France au 18 Brumaire (Paris, 1874); Bonaparte a St Cloud (anonymous) (Paris, 1814).