Most notable of all, yellow fever was eradicated where it had been endemic for centuries.
Although it had long been suspected that these insects were in some way connected with malaria and other diseases, while that the species now called Stegomyia calopus was the carrier of yellow fever had been asserted by Finlay as early as 1881, it was not until the closing years of the 19th century that the brilliant researches of Ross in India, and of Grassi and others in Italy, directed the attention of the whole civilized world to mosquitoes as the exclusive agents in the dissemination of malarial fever.
There is reason to believe that malaria, yellow fever and filariasis are not the only diseases disseminated by mosquitoes.
Cholera (Haffkine) and yellow fever are yielding up their secrets, and falling under some control.
The city of Panama was formerly a stronghold of yellow fever and malaria, which American sanitary measures have practically eradicated.
Kelly, Walter Reed and Yellow Fever (New York, 1907).
In the first half of the 18th century we may note the appearance, intermittently at first, of the first Mexican periodical - the Gaceta de Mexico - in 17 2 2, a severe epidemic of yellow fever in 1736, and the establishment about 1750 of a standing army with a nucleus of Walloons and Swiss, negroes and Indians being excluded and the half-breeds admitted under restrictions.
In the course of the 17th century the port became the great 1 Dr Carlos Finlay of Havana, arguing from the coincidence between the climatic limitation of yellow fever and the geographical limitation of the mosquito, urged (1881 sqq.) that there was some relation between the disease and the insect.
Small-pox was the cause of a greater mortality than yellow fever even before the means of combating the latter had been ascertained.
Mangrove swamps surround the town and epidemics of cholera, yellow fever and other tropical diseases have been frequent; but the unhealthiness of the climate is mitigated to some extent by the high tides which cover the marshes, and the invigorating breezes which blow in from the sea.