The reckless system of outdoor relief, which had pauperized whole neighborhoods, was abolished, and the system of unions and workhouses established (see Poon LAW).
Besides the prisons, which include one built on the cellular principle at Breda, the state supports three penal workhouses for drunkards and beggars.
Many workhouses have been established for indigent persons capable of work.
Since many of the poor were not able-bodied, the workhouses were not profitable institutions.
The new system prohibited any relief given to the poor outside of a workhouse while simultaneously lowering the quality of the workhouses to discourage the poor from using them except as a last resort.