With very few exceptions, the integuments form imbricate scalelike folds arranged with the greatest regularity; they are small and pluriserial on the upper parts of the body and tail, large and uniserial on the abdomen, and generally biserial on the lower side of the tail.
The thecae uniserial (monoprionidian) - t here is a gradation from earlier groups with many branches to later groups with only two; and from species in which all the branches and' their thecae are directed downwards, through species in which the branches become bent back more and more outwards and upwards, until in some the terminal thecae open almost vertically.
Polyp 7 has proof sense, 1 o c oduced as its first bud, 8; as its second bud, a7, motion and nutriwhich starts a uniserial pinnule; and as a third t i on, until its bud I', which starts a biserial branch (I I'-VI') medusoid nature that repeats the structure of the main stem and and organization gives off pinnules.
On the other hand, a polyp on the main stem may form a second bud which, instead of forming a pinnule by uniserial budding, produces by biserial budding a branch, from which pinnules arise as from the main stem (fig.
Polyps 3 and 6, stomach, and become eloninstead of producing uniserial pinnules, gated and tentacle-like, have produced biserial branches (3, 3 showing great activity of 3 3, 3 4;6 1 -6 3), which give off uniserial movement.
F, uniserial pinnules arise founder; 1 -8, main axis formed by biserial as from the main stem budding from founder; a-e, pinnule formed - type of Aglaophenia by uniserial budding from founder; a l -d i, (fig.
The pinnules never branch again, since in the uniserial mode of budding a polyp never forms a second polyp-bud.
Driesch, in which, however, the primitively uniserial arrangement becomes masked later by secondary torsions of the hydranths.
The supposed hydrothecae may be present on one side of the axis only (monoprionid) or on both sides (diprionid); the first case may be conjectured to be the result of uniserial (helicoid) budding, the second to be produced by biserial (scorpioid) budding.
When they are arranged in uniserial or biserial rows the genital ducts open into or near the branchial grooves in the region of the pharynx and in a corresponding position in the post-branchial region.