Though there are breweries, tanneries and saw-mills, the town depends mainly on agriculture.
The markets and fairs are good, and the ales, mills (corn and paper) and tanneries locally famous.
There is a harbour at Castro, and steam flour-mills, foundries and tanneries have been established.
There are cardboard factories, roperies, tanneries and oil mills.
Leon has a large general trade, and manufactures cotton and woollen fabrics, ice, cigars, boots, shoes and saddlery; its tanneries supply large quantities of cheap leather for export.
Its once famous tanneries have lost their importance, but the manufacture of linen has increased; it has also steam flour-mills, distilleries, manufactories of soap and of iron implements.
Among the factories on the English model are the Elgin and Muir cotton mills at Cawnpore, the Cawnpore tanneries and leather factories, the Shahjahanpur rum distillery, and breweries at Mussoorie and Naini Tal.
Tanneries exist in nearly every government, but it is especially at Warsaw and St Petersburg, and after these at Moscow, that the largest and best modern tanneries and shoe and glove factories are established.
Ironworks, carpet-weaving and tanneries occupy many hands.
Arbois is well known for its red and white wines, and has saw-mills, tanneries and market gardens, and manufactures paper, oil and casks.