Greatly needing money for his campaign, John ordered another scutage to be taken from his tenants; this, moreover, was to be at the unprecedented rate of three marks on the knight's fee, not as on previous occasions of two marks, although this latter sum had hitherto been regarded as a very high rate.
Having thus disposed of this matter, the grievances of the barons are again considered, the vexed question of scutage being dealt with.
Baldwin, The Scutage and Knight Service in England (Chicago, 1897); Rudolf Gneist, Adel and Ritterschaft in England (1853); and F.
In November he met some of his nobles at Bury St Edmunds, but as they still refused to pay the scutage no agreement was reached.
Moreover, after the knight's liability to personal service in war had been modified in the 12th century by the scutage system, it became necessary in the first quarter of the r3th to compel landowners to take up the knighthood which in theory they should have coveted as an honour - a compulsion which was soon systematically enforced (Distraint of Knighthood, 1278), and became a recognized source of royal income.
Says that in future no scutage or aid, beyond the three recognized feudal aids, shall be levied except by the consent of the general council of the nation (commune concilium regni nostri), while the three recognized aids shall only be levied at a reasonable rate.