Such business as did not profane the Sabbath according to Babylonian ideas cannot be quoted against their observance of their Sabbath.
Apart from medieval and other very uncertain data, such as the Sabbath day's journey being 2000 middling paces for 2000 cubits, it appears that Josephus, using the Greek or Roman cubit, gives half as many more to each dimension of the temple than does the Talmud; this shows the cubit used in the Talmud for temple measures to be certainly not under 25 in.
Luria afterwards gave to the Sabbath a mystic beauty such as it had never before possessed.
That it was proper to wear special garments (or at least to rearrange one's weekday clothes) on the Jewish sabbath was recognized in the Talmud, and Mahommedans, after discussing at length the most suitable raiment for prayer, favoured the use of a single simple garment (Bukhari, viii.).
The details of the tradition of authorship show considerable variation; according to the Talmudic view Adam is author of the Sabbath psalm, xcii., and Melchizedek of Ps.
Modern criticism of the history of Sabbath observance among the Hebrews has done nothing more than follow out these arguments in detail, and show that the result is in agreement with what is known as to the dates of the several component parts of the Pentateuch.
That this doctrine was a mainstay of Jewish faith in those very days of exile which gave the Sabbath a new importance for the faithful.
Ex officio professors of Sabbath breaking are all whalemen.
The rabbis had fenced the Sabbath round with minute commands, lest any Jews should even seem to work on the Sabbath day.
With Austin Phelps and Lowell Mason he prepared The Sabbath Hymn Book (1858).