Either to the simple lateral tail feathers with a few rami only, developed only on one side of the shaft and of uniform metallic coloration - or to the simple contour feathers of small size, with the usual symmetrical series of numerous rami right and left of the shaft and no remarkable colouring.
On the whole the facts seem to be against this supposition, though we need not suppose that the gnathobase was very large or the rami undeveloped in the buccal parapodia which were destined to lose their mandibular features and pass in front of the mouth.
Apical, often independently jointed; (2) with the outer ends of the rami articulate two lateral pieces (mallei), and again composed of a distal longitudinal piece (manubrium) and an apical transverse piece (the uncus), the whole recalling, as the name implies, a single-clawed hammer.
Its jointing (segmentation) may be retained, but its rami disappear (Podophthalmous Crustacea).
Such chelate rami or limbbranchesare independently developed in Crustacea and inArachnida, and are carried by somites of the body which do not correspond in position in the two groups.
Posteriorly, at what is known as the root of the penis, the two corpora cavernosa diverge, become more and more fibrous in structure, and are attached on each side to the rami of the ischium, while the corpus spongiosum becomes more vascular and enlarges to form the bulb.
Are twice as long as the 3to 5-toothed Thus the crop-gizzard unci; c, virgate - mallei rod-like, manubria has the same comand fulcrum very long, unci Ior 2-toothed; bination of structures d forcipate - rami large and used as a foras we find in the ceps, mallei rod-like, unci pointed or evanstomach of higher escent; e, incudate - stout fulcrum, rami Crustacea, with which formingaforceps, mallei evanescent; f, unwe may call it homocinate - unci large, 2-toothed, manubria plastic. The trophi evanescent, incus slender; g, ramate - rami are (I) a median incus subquadrantic, fulcrum rudimentary, manY - shaped, with the ubria evanescent; h,malleo-ramate - mallei (fulcrum) distal fastened by their unci to the rami, manubria foot and the arms (rami) looped, rami large and fulcrum slender.
The mandibular parapodia may be supposed during the successive stages of this history to have had, from the first, well-developed rami (one or two) of a palp-like form, so that the change required when the mouth passed away from them would merely consist in the suppression of the gnathobase.
There is even a little treatise from the hand of Milton, published two years before his death, called Artis Logicae Plenior Institutio ad Petri Rami Methodum concinnata.
See Waddington-Kastus, De Petri Rami vita, scriptis, philosophia (Paris, 1848); Charles Desmaze, Petrus Ramus, professeur au College de France, sa vie, ses ecrits, sa mort (Paris, 1864); P. Lobstein, P. Ramus als Theolog (Strassburg, 1878); E.