Pop. (1901), 49,334, including an exceptional number of pilgrims. As containing the worldfamous shrine of Jagannath (see Juggernaut), Puri is perhaps the most frequented of all Hindu places of pilgrimage.
It is served by the East Coast railway, which was opened throughout from Calcutta to Madras in 1891, with a branch to Puri town.
The Baptists, drawn by the fame of the temple of Jagannath at Puri on the ' See T.
In the Orissa famine of 1866 more than one-third of the population of Puri is said to have perished.
Sanitation is effected by the Puri Lodging-House Act, which provides for the appointment of a special health officer, and for the licensing of lodging-houses both in the town and along the pilgrims' route.
See Puri District Gazetteer (Calcutta, 1908).