Biblical tradition tells us nothing more about Melchizedek (cf.
The details of the tradition of authorship show considerable variation; according to the Talmudic view Adam is author of the Sabbath psalm, xcii., and Melchizedek of Ps.
Now the only high priests who bore this title were the Maccabean, who appear to have assumed it as reviving the order of Melchizedek when they displaced the Zadokite order of Aaron.
Cx., which by its title is Davidic, seems to have been given to Melchizedek to avoid the dilemma of Matt.
An ancient legend identifies Melchizedek with Shem (Palestinian Targum, Jerome on Isa.