This is the race most commonly grown in the British Isles and in central Europe, and includes a large number of sub-races and varieties among which are the finest malting barleys.
It is an industrial centre, linen weaving, coal mining and malting being the principal industries.
In Europe, scientists pointed their gamma ray gun at some barley and produced Golden Promise, a mutant with improved malting that is brewed into premium beer.
The ripe ears of the last hang so as to become almost parallel with the stem; they are narrower and longer than in (b), owing to the grains being placed farther apart on the rachis; it includes the Chevalier variety, one of the best for malting purposes.
Brewing, malting and iron-founding are carried on.
Dereham is an important agricultural centre with works for the manufacture of agricultural implements, iron foundries and a malting industry.
The flannel manufacture has been transferred to Newtown, but Welshpool has tweeds and woollen shawls, besides a fair trade in agricultural produce, malting and tanning.
It has iron foundries, machinery factories, railway workshops and a considerable trade in cattle, and among its other industries are weaving and malting and the manufacture of cloth.
Brewing and malting are localized chiefly in Nord.
Connected with these are malting and bottling works.